Guide to Construction and Use of ESD Matting
The invisible enemy known as ESD can cause catastrophic damage and product malfunctions for companies that assemble electronic components. It is important to design an effective ESD control program and an integral part of this program should include ESD matting. It is important to understand the construction of ESD matting and the different types of uses that can be applied to protect your equipment and create an ideal solution to ground your work areas, aisles, and corridors.
ESD Matting ConstructionESD matting is designed to drain static charges from items placed on its surface as well as protect the surface of ESD sensitive items. Mats are divided into two categories: ESD work surface mats or floor mats and ESD table top mats. Floor mats are dark colored to hide dirt, have an anti-fatigue style, and are heavily embossed or grooved to help improve traction. Table top or work surface mats have a light embossed or smooth surface and come in a variety of light colors. These mats are available in the following types:
- Homogeneous (Vinyl and Rubber)
Types of UsesIn order to select the right mats, it is important to know what applications these mats will be used for. Table mats use light colors to make it easier to find small parts. They are usually thinner than floor mats and have smoother surfaces as well. Floor mats are darker, thicker, and have more traction since people walk on them constantly. When choosing the right type of mat, you should consider their individual features as well:
- Homogeneous – Used for tables or floors and made of more durable material.
- Three Layer – Used for tables and have excellent electrical properties.
- Two Layer Vinyl – Used for tables and provide a low cost solution.
- Two Layer Rubber – Chemical resistant, heat/solder tolerant, and have excellent electrical properties.